The primary responsibility of the Ministry of Energy is to formulate and implement policies, projects, and programs on energy and provide oversight functions across the entire energy supply chain for all sector agencies which include Electricity Generation & Transmission Authority (EGTC), Electricity Distribution & Supply Agency (EDSA) ,  Electricity & Water Regulatory Commission(EWRC)  and other forms of energy supply and utilization.

The supply of electricity is the responsibility of the Electricity Distribution and Supply Authority (EDSA) whilst that of generation of electricity is the responsibility of the Electricity Generation and Transmission Company (EGTC).